Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Cooperative was established in 1987 by 10 contemporary Aboriginal artists, from language groups across Australia. They were: Euphemia Bostock, Michael Riley, Bronwyn Bancroft, Arone Meeks, Jeffrey Samuels, Tracey Moffatt, Brenda L. Croft, Fern Martens, Fiona Foley and Avril Quaill. The name "Boomalli" derives from the word for ‘to strike; to make a mark’ in the languages of the Kamilaroi, Wiradjuri and Bundjalung peoples. The aim of the original 10 members was to challenge preconceptions around urban-based Aboriginal Art. Boomalli is the longest surviving Aboriginal Artists Co-operative in Australia: it has 60 members and runs Boomalli Aboriginal Art Gallery, a unique space in Leichhardt (Sydney), and provides opportunities for NSW Aboriginal artists to sell and promote their work through exhibitions, workshops and artwork commissions.